2020年12月14日

バイデン「日米安保条約第5条の尖閣諸島適用」は実は無かった?

「安保の尖閣適用宣言はただの年中行事」の続き。

米民主党のジョー・バイデン候補が11月7日に勝利宣言したことを受けて、菅義偉首相は12日に同候補と10分程度の電話会談を行った。会談の中で、バイデンは「日米安保条約第5条の尖閣諸島適用」に言及し、菅首相は会談後のマスコミ発表においてこの点を強調している。この内容は外務省が、事前にバイデン陣営と調整したもので、外務省は「大きな成果」と自画自賛していた。

ところが、バイデン政権移行チームによるメディア発表は、“underscored his deep commitment to the defense of Japan and U.S. commitments under Article V.”というもので、そこには「尖閣」の文字は無い。実際の電話会談の内容を確認できない以上、真偽を確かめるのは困難だが、日本側が恣意的に「尖閣」を入れて、バイデン側はそれを黙認している可能性がある。現実問題として、日米安保の適用は「日本の施政権下」を条件としているため、一度他国に占領された箇所については適用されず、実質的な意味は無い。しかし、「アメリカの対日関与」と「日米同盟」の価値を訴える上で、必要な政治的意味があると考えられている。
当然ながら、悪意をもって見るなら、外務省がバイデン陣営を騙して、上記の言質をとった上で、菅総理に翻訳する際は「尖閣」の文字を入れた陰謀と見ることも可能だ。

いずれにせよ、外務省は自国民に対してどこまでも不誠実な存在であることは間違いない。
以下、参考。
【Suga says he got Biden's backing on Senkakus in first phone talks】
Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga spoke with U.S. President-elect Joe Biden on Thursday morning for the first time since the latter won the U.S. presidential election, with Tokyo saying that the soon-to-be-inaugurated leader reassured Suga that his administration will commit to protecting the Senkaku Islands under their security alliance.

Speaking to reporters after the roughly 15-minute teleconference, the prime minister said the president-elect made clear that Article 5 of the U.S.-Japan Treaty of Mutual Cooperation would apply to the Senkaku Islands, which China claims and calls the Diaoyu Islands. The article states that the U.S. would defend the territories under Japan’s administration in the event of an armed attack.

The apparent affirmation by Biden on the Senkaku Islands, which was previously re-emphasized by President Barack Obama around the time Chinese vessels began entering waters near them, brings a sigh of relief for Tokyo officials as they monitor Biden’s approach to China with a mix of expectation and trepidation.

However, the Biden transition team’s readout did not mention the islands by name but stated that Biden “underscored his deep commitment to the defense of Japan and U.S. commitments under Article V.” A senior Japanese government official who was present during the talks said Biden brought up Article 5 in response to Suga’s remark on shoring up the security alliance and it was Tokyo’s understanding that the Senkaku Islands would be covered. They did not discuss the island’s dominium, according to the official.

As one of the first Asian leaders to speak with President Donald Trump’s successor, Suga said he congratulated Biden and his running mate Kamala Harris for their victory. Both sides, Suga said, agreed to work together on global issues such as climate change and the novel coronavirus pandemic. They also agreed to enhance cooperation to maintain stability in the Indo-Pacific region, a matter that directly impacts Japan’s national security as well as regional security.
(11/12、The Japan Timesより抜粋)
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